Dialectics (also referred to as the “dialectical method”) is a form of logical study that explores the relationship between two opposing viewpoints and how they resolve themselves in reaching a conclusion.

Modernism can be generally placed as an artistic and academic (though mostly artistic) movement occurring in the late 19th and early 20th century. It was a reaction to industrialization, the growth of cities, and, eventually, the effects of World War I.

Historicism is a theory of philosophy that gives importance to space and time. This approach asserts that there is value in considering the time period or geographic location or local culture when studying and conducting philosophy.